Rajah Sikatuna National Park, Bilar
Bohol is a favorite bird-watcher’s destination in the Philippines. The Rajah Sikatuna National Park, at 90 square kilometers, is the largest remaining natural forest in Bohol where some rare and endangered species such as the Philippine Eagle Owl, and Bubo philippensis are found.
Bohol has 1,400 caves and other limestone formations such as sinkholes and ravines. There are streams that pop up from the ground at one place, to disappear again into a cave a few kilometers further on, and reappear again after running some distance underground. Many unusual and even bizarre invertebrates, such as albino crabs, have evolved in underground caves and are especially adapted to this life in darkness. All these caves are an ideal hideout, and have played an important role in Bohol’s history.
Buhong Tiawan is 1 1/2 kilometer from the town center. The entrance is 3 by 5 meters wide, and leads to a cavern that is less than 100 meters long. Inside, one finds various types of dripstone. During the Second World War, this cave served as a refuge for the locals, but was discovered and raided by the Japanese Imperial Army.
The town of Jagna has a large number of caves, including the deepest cave in the Central Visayas: Carmaloan 2. This cave goes down to a depth of 149 meters. If you want to explore it, plan to stay in town for at least one night.
Francisco Dagohoy Cave
This cave was the headquarters of the Boholano patriot Dagohoy, who, in 1744, started a rebellion against Spain that was to last until 1829. One of the many crystal-studded passages within Dagohoy’s cave has an underwater route leading to dry land, and it is said that every time Spaniards would search the cave, Dagohoy would swim underwater through this passage to hide in the breathing space.
Located about two kilometers from the town center, the cave is still quite undisturbed. The entrance is a 15-meter wide passage at the base of a sinkhole. This cave is a bit more difficult, and it can be quite wet and muddy inside. This cave is home to rare albino crabs of the species sundathelphosa filipina.
This well known cave has a large number of stalactites hanging from the ceiling, and stalagmites sticking out of the earth below them. The cave leads to a large underground cavern that contains a pond.
Inside the cave is flowing water, which often fills most of the cave, making it unsafe for those without experience in spelunking.
Located in a lovely mountain environment, Sudlon is the largest cave in the province. It serves as a hide-out for a huge population of bats that emerge from the cave like large storm clouds at dusk.